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Table of Contents
Smallbore Target Rifle – Prone and 3 Position Shooting
Smallbore Rifle shooting is carried out using .22LR single shot rifles specially designed for target shooting with aperture ‘iron’ sights. Smallbore is practiced indoors at 25 yards and occasionally at 15, or 20 yards, and outdoors at 50 yards, 50 metres or 100 yards.
The International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) recognises two international competitions: a) Prone – competitions comprise 60 shots prone at 50m; and b) 3 Position – competitions comprise 3 x 40 shots (Men), and 3 x 20 shots (Women) shot, respectively, prone, standing, kneeling at 50m.
Prone shooting has the largest following in the UK and is usually the position in which the beginner starts the discipline, unless they have started with 10m Air Rifle, which is shot standing.
Rifles and Ammunition
For 3 Position shooting, the target rifles have fully adjustable stocks, allowing the shooter to reposition the drop of the butt plate, height of the comb, and even angle of the cheekpiece.
The Smallbore rifles have a maximum overall weight of 8kg for men and 6.5kg for women.
Ranges and Targets
As discussed, Smallbore is shoot indoors at 15, 20 and 25 yards, and outdoors at 50 yards, 50 metres and 100 yards.
In the rifle events competitors shot at 10-ring targets. Scores range from one point for hitting the outside zone, to 10 for a hit in the 10 ring. If a shot hits the line between two zones, the higher score is awarded. In the international events at 50m there is a qualifying round and then, in the final, the 10 rings on the target are sub-divided into 10 score zones, with the highest score for a shot 10.9. The final round and qualifying scores are added together to determine the winner.
Besides the Smallbore rifle, you will need a ‘single-point’ target sling that goes around your upper arm and attaches to the fore-end of the rifle.
You will need a simple spotting scope with stand, glove and shooting coat, a mat and most important, eye and ear protection. In addition, you will need a timer, scorecards and a pencil/pen to record your scores. However, most clubs have club equipment which you can borrow to get started.
At the club level, competitions vary from country-to-country and club-to-club, and whether shooting on an indoor or outdoor range.
International (ISSF) competitions
ISSF competitions are shot at 50m and comprise:
UK Outdoor Matches
Example outdoor competitions in the UK comprise:
A comprehensive list of target shooting organisations can be found in the appendix.
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